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N50 Stamp Duties POS Charge Begins


By Collins Nweze

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and
the Nigeria Interbank Settlement System (NIBSS) are working for the
application of remittance processes to ensure the seamless collection of
stamp duty charges for PoS.

Many filing stations and supermarkets are already adding the new fee to the customer’s purchases.

To avoid dispute with its customers, filling stations have pasted notices on their pumps.
In
a notice to its customers, a filling station official said: “N50 Stamp
Duty Charge on PoS Transactions. Folliwing the CBN directive of
September 17, 2019 to charge applicable taxes and duties on individual
electronic transcations, all Hayden Retail Stations shall henceforth
charge N50 extra on all PoS transactions from N1, 000.”

Before
now, the fee paid by merchants on the aggregate PoS transactions carried
out on a particular period, which was never passed to customers.

The
extra charge on customer’s transaction followed a CBN’s directive to
banks to charge N50 Stamp Duty on individual transactions, rather than
merchants’ accounts.

The directive on the Unbundling of Merchant
Settlement Amounts was contained in the CBN circular to banks,
processors and switches, titled: “Review of Process for Merchants
Collections on Electronic Transactions”.

The policy stipulates
Stamp Duties Payment on individual transactions that occur on PoS,
rather than previous plans where charges occurred on aggregate
transactions.

The circular signed by CBN Director, Payments
System Management Department, Sam Okojere, authorised banks to unbundle
merchant settlement amounts and charge applicable taxes and duties on
individual transactions as stipulated by regulators.

Merchant Service Charge was also reviewed downward from 0.75 per cent (capped at N1, 200) to 0.50 per cent (capped at N1, 000).
In
a NIBSS report titled: “Returns on Stamp Duty Collection for Merchant
Transactions”, the payment agency said the new stamp duty payment plan
is in line with the provision of the Stamp Duties Act and Federal
Government Financial Regulation 2009.

The policy, it added, was
aimed at ensuring strict adherence to the CBN guideline communication on
the subject, collection and Remittance of Statutory Charges on receipts
to Nigeria postal Service under the Stamp Duties Act dated 15th January
2016.

The procedural processing guide for stamp duty Charges for
PoS, web merchant and all deposit money banks (DMBs) should download
daily PoS/Web settlement report from their respective processors
settlement file transfer portal.

Also, the PoS and web settlement
processing officer shall ensure that stamp duties are correctly
processed daily by downloading daily PoS/web transactions valued at N1,
000 and above, noting the count of these transactions; multiply the
count of these transactions by N50 and pass the corresponding
debit/charge to the respective merchant accounts.

The apex bank guideline said: “The debit should be passed to the merchant accounts account at the point of PoS/ Web merchant

Credit/Settlement
to mitigate against the inability of the Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) to
successfully secure these daily stamp duties charges and remit as
expected.

“These charges are expected to be deposited into the
already opened stamp duty collections account at the various DMBs and
should form part of the weekly Stamp Duty rendition by the DMBs to
NIBSS.”

The NIBSS data showed the total volumes of PoS
transactions for 2017 stood at 146.3 million which was worth N1.4
trillion; 285.9 million transactions in 2018 worth N2.3 trillion and
187.7 million for six months- January to June 2019 worth N1.4 trillion.

Source:- Thenationonlineng

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Last Updated: October 29, 2019

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